The expression through “dramatic movement and speech” is several thousand years old. However the roots of Urdu Drama are found in 1801, when the story of ‘Shakuntla‘ was translated into Urdu language by Kazim Ali Jawan. However, the first stage presentation in Urdu began in 1854, when a play called “Raja Gopi Chand Aur Jalandhar” was staged in Bombay. Along with this play, the first Comic “Shri Manth Ji ka Comic” was staged. This was a short-length presentation.
According to Syed Imtiaz Ali Taj’s research, the first full-length, structured stage play in Urdu language was performed in 1871. It was an adaptation from Gujrati Theatre, by a Parsi writer, Seth Behram Ji Fardoon Ji Merzuban, with the title “Sonay Ke Mole Ki Khorsheed”, later printed by Majlis-e-Taraqqi-e-Adab, with the title “Khorsheed”.
“Indur- Sabha” by Amanat Lakhnavi, “Khursheed” by Behramji Fardoonji, “Khobsoorat Balaa” by Agha Hashar, “Anarkali” by Syed Imtiaz Ali Taj , “Taleem-e-Balighan” by Khwaja Moinuddin, “Aap Ki Tareef” by Naeem Tahir & Yasmin Tahir, became landmarks in the development of Urdu drama.
Taj Tahir Foundation – Library
Taj Tahir Foundation (TTF) presents it’s collection of Classic Urdu Drama since 1871. The collection includes works by iconic writers of the 19th and 20th centuries, some of whose works may not available elsewhere now. TTF aims to digitize these masterpieces for our members and readers.
The Theatre section has been divided into three sub-sections namely Drama, Comedy and Tragedy. Other categories are expected to be added soon.